Transcendence Directory

Transcendence Directory is a project offering curated listings across a wide range of Western esotericism, practices, traditions, modalities, and research.

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Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses

Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses is an online resource designed for independent learning, in particular for undergraduate students, as part of the Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus (ORACC).

The complex mythologies of ancient Mesopotamia cannot be understood without a basic insight into the functions and characteristics of Mesopotamian gods and goddesses.

Mesopotamian literature is infused with the divine. Religion played a very important role in the way Mesopotamians expressed their thoughts about human life. Mesopotamian religion was polytheistic, with the Mesopotamian pantheon consisting of hundreds if not thousands of gods of varying importance. In ancient Mesopotamia, each city had a different patron deity. Each of the deities had different characteristics and peculiarities.

This website covers fifty of the most important gods and goddesses of the Mesopotamian pantheon.